New to KubeDB? Please start here.

Continuous Archiving to GCS

WAL-G is used to continuously archive PostgreSQL WAL files. Please refer to continuous archiving in KubeDB to learn more about it.

Before You Begin

At first, you need to have a Kubernetes cluster, and the kubectl command-line tool must be configured to communicate with your cluster. If you do not already have a cluster, you can create one by using minikube.

Now, install KubeDB cli on your workstation and KubeDB operator in your cluster following the steps here.

Note: YAML files used in this tutorial are stored in docs/examples/postgres folder in GitHub repository kubedb/cli.

To keep things isolated, this tutorial uses a separate namespace called demo throughout this tutorial.

$ kubectl create ns demo
namespace/demo created

Create PostgreSQL with Continuous Archiving

For archiving, we need storage Secret, and storage backend information. Below is a Postgres object created with Continuous Archiving support to backup WAL files to Google Cloud Storage.

apiVersion: kubedb.com/v1alpha1
kind: Postgres
metadata:
  name: wal-postgres
  namespace: demo
spec:
  version: "11.1-v1"
  replicas: 2
  storage:
    storageClassName: "standard"
    accessModes:
    - ReadWriteOnce
    resources:
      requests:
        storage: 1Gi
  archiver:
    storage:
      storageSecretName: gcs-secret
      gcs:
        bucket: kubedb

Here,

  • spec.archiver.storage specifies storage information that will be used by WAL-G
    • storage.storageSecretName points to the Secret containing the credentials for cloud storage destination.
    • storage.gcs points to GCS configuration.
    • storage.gcs.bucket points to the bucket name used to store continuous archiving data.

Archiver Storage Secret

Storage Secret should contain credentials that will be used to access storage destination.

Storage Secret for WAL-G is needed with the following 2 keys:

Key Description
GOOGLE_PROJECT_ID Required. Google Cloud project ID
GOOGLE_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_JSON_KEY Required. Google Cloud service account json key
$ echo -n '<your-project-id>' > GOOGLE_PROJECT_ID
$ mv downloaded-sa-json.key GOOGLE_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_JSON_KEY
$ kubectl create secret generic gcs-secret \
    --from-file=./GOOGLE_PROJECT_ID \
    --from-file=./GOOGLE_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_JSON_KEY
secret "gcs-secret" created
$ kubectl get secret gcs-secret -o yaml
apiVersion: v1
data:
  GOOGLE_PROJECT_ID: PHlvdXItcHJvamVjdC1pZD4=
  GOOGLE_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_JSON_KEY: ewogICJ0eXBlIjogInNlcnZpY2VfYWNjb3V...9tIgp9Cg==
kind: Secret
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: 2017-06-28T13:06:51Z
  name: gcs-secret
  namespace: default
  resourceVersion: "5461"
  selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/default/secrets/gcs-secret
  uid: a6983b00-5c02-11e7-bb52-08002711f4aa
type: Opaque

Archiver Storage Backend

To configure GCS backend, following parameters are available:

Parameter Description
spec.archiver.storage.gcs.bucket Required. Name of Bucket
spec.archiver.storage.gcs.prefix Optional. Path prefix into bucket where snapshot will be stored

Now create this Postgres object with continuous archiving support.

$ kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubedb/cli/0.11.0/docs/examples/postgres/snapshot/wal-postgres-gcs.yaml
postgres.kubedb.com/wal-postgres created

When database is ready, WAL-G takes a base backup and uploads it to the cloud storage defined by storage backend.

Archived data is stored in a folder called {bucket}/{prefix}/kubedb/{namespace}/{postgres-name}/archive/.

You can see continuous archiving data stored in GCS bucket.

continuous-archiving

From the above image, you can see that the archived data is stored in a folder kubedb/kubedb/demo/wal-postgres/archive.

Termination Policy

If termination policy of this wal-postgres is set to WipeOut or, If Spec.WipeOut of dormant database is set to true, then the data in cloud backend will be deleted.

The data will be intact in other scenarios.

Cleaning up

To cleanup the Kubernetes resources created by this tutorial, run:

kubectl patch -n demo pg/wal-postgres -p '{"spec":{"terminationPolicy":"WipeOut"}}' --type="merge"
kubectl delete -n demo pg/wal-postgres

kubectl delete -n demo secret/gcs-secret
kubectl delete ns demo

Next Steps

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