New to KubeDB? Please start here.

Run MySQL with Custom Configuration

KubeDB supports providing custom configuration for MySQL via PodTemplate. This tutorial will show you how to use KubeDB to run a MySQL database with custom configuration using PodTemplate.

Before You Begin

  • At first, you need to have a Kubernetes cluster, and the kubectl command-line tool must be configured to communicate with your cluster. If you do not already have a cluster, you can create one by using minikube.

  • Now, install KubeDB cli on your workstation and KubeDB operator in your cluster following the steps here.

  • To keep things isolated, this tutorial uses a separate namespace called demo throughout this tutorial.

  $ kubectl create ns demo
  namespace/demo created

Note: Yaml files used in this tutorial are stored in docs/examples/mysql folder in GitHub repository kubedb/cli.

Overview

KubeDB allows providing a template for database pod through spec.podTemplate. KubeDB operator will pass the information provided in spec.podTemplate to the StatefulSet created for MySQL database.

KubeDB accept following fields to set in spec.podTemplate:

  • metadata:
    • annotations (pod’s annotation)
  • controller:
    • annotations (statefulset’s annotation)
  • spec:
    • env
    • resources
    • initContainers
    • imagePullSecrets
    • nodeSelector
    • affinity
    • schedulerName
    • tolerations
    • priorityClassName
    • priority
    • securityContext

Read about the fields in details in PodTemplate concept,

CRD Configuration

Below is the YAML for the MySQL created in this example. Here, spec.podTemplate.spec.env specifies environment variables and spec.podTemplate.spec.args provides extra arguments for MySQL Docker Image.

In this tutorial, an initial database myDB will be created by providing env MYSQL_DATABASE while the server character set will be set to utf8mb4 by adding extra args. Note that, character-set-server in MySQL 5.7 is latin1.

apiVersion: kubedb.com/v1alpha1
kind: MySQL
metadata:
  name: mysql-misc-config
  namespace: demo
spec:
  version: "5.7-v1"
  storageType: "Durable"
  storage:
    storageClassName: "standard"
    accessModes:
    - ReadWriteOnce
    resources:
      requests:
        storage: 50Mi
  podTemplate:
    spec:
      env:
      - name: MYSQL_DATABASE
        value: myDB
      args:
      - --character-set-server=utf8mb4
      resources:
        requests:
          memory: "1Gi"
          cpu: "250m"
  terminationPolicy: Pause
  updateStrategy:
    type: RollingUpdate
$ kubedb create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubedb/cli/0.9.0-rc.1/docs/examples/mysql/configuration/mysql-misc-config.yaml
mysql.kubedb.com/mysql-misc-config created

Now, wait a few minutes. KubeDB operator will create necessary PVC, statefulset, services, secret etc. If everything goes well, we will see that a pod with the name mysql-misc-config-0 has been created.

Check that the statefulset’s pod is running

$ kubectl get pod -n demo
NAME                  READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
mysql-misc-config-0   1/1       Running   0          1m

Check the pod’s log to see if the database is ready

$ kubectl logs -f -n demo mysql-misc-config-0
Initializing database
.....
Database initialized
Initializing certificates
...
Certificates initialized
MySQL init process in progress...
....
MySQL init process done. Ready for start up.
....
2018-10-02T09:34:33.694994Z 0 [Note] mysqld: ready for connections.
Version: '5.7.23'  socket: '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock'  port: 3306  MySQL Community Server (GPL)
....

Once we see [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld: ready for connections. in the log, the database is ready.

Now, we will check if the database has started with the custom configuration we have provided.

First, deploy phpMyAdmin to connect with the MySQL database we have just created.

$ kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubedb/cli/0.9.0-rc.1/docs/examples/mysql/quickstart/demo-1.yaml
deployment.extensions/myadmin created
service/myadmin created

Then, open your browser and go to the following URL: http://{cluster-ip}:{myadmin-svc-nodeport}. For minikube you can get this URL by running the following command:

$ minikube service myadmin -n demo --url
http://192.168.99.100:30039

Now, let’s connect to the database from the phpMyAdmin dashboard using the database pod IP and MySQL user password.

$ kubectl get pods mysql-misc-config-0 -n demo -o yaml | grep IP
  hostIP: 10.0.2.15
  podIP: 172.17.0.6

$ kubectl get secrets -n demo mysql-misc-config-auth -o jsonpath='{.data.\user}' | base64 -d
root

$ kubectl get secrets -n demo mysql-misc-config-auth -o jsonpath='{.data.\password}' | base64 -d
MLO5_fPVKcqPiEu9

Once, you have connected to the database with phpMyAdmin go to SQL tab and run sql to see all databases SHOW DATABASES; and to see charcter-set configuration SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'char%';. You will see a database called myDB is created and also all the character-set is set to utf8mb4.

mysql_all_databases

mysql_charset

Snapshot Configuration

Snapshot also has the scope to be configured through spec.podTemplate. In this tutorial, an extra argument is passed to snapshot crd so that the backup job uses --default-character-set=utf8mb4 while taking backup.

Below is the Snapshot CRD that is deployed in this tutorial. Create a secret my-snap-secret from here for snapshot.

apiVersion: kubedb.com/v1alpha1
kind: Snapshot
metadata:
  name: snap-mysql-config
  namespace: demo
  labels:
    kubedb.com/kind: MySQL
spec:
  databaseName: mysql-misc-config
  storageSecretName: my-snap-secret
  gcs:
    bucket: kubedb
  podTemplate:
    spec:
      args:
      - --all-databases
      - --default-character-set=utf8mb4
$ kubedb create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubedb/cli/0.9.0-rc.1/docs/examples/mysql/configuration/snapshot-misc-conf.yaml 
snapshot.kubedb.com/snap-mysql-config created


$ kubedb get snap -n demo
NAME                DATABASENAME        STATUS      AGE
snap-mysql-config   mysql-misc-config   Succeeded   1m

Scheduled Backups

To configure BackupScheduler, add the require changes in PodTemplate just like snapshot object.

$ kubedb edit my mysql-misc-config -n demo
apiVersion: kubedb.com/v1alpha1
kind: MySQL
metadata:
  name: mysql-misc-config
  namespace: demo
  ...
spec:
  backupSchedule:
    cronExpression: '@every 1m'
    storageSecretName: my-snap-secret
    gcs:
      bucket: kubedb
    podTemplate:
      controller: {}
      metadata: {}
      spec:
        args:
        - --all-databases
        - --default-character-set=utf8mb4
        resources: {}
  ...
status:
  observedGeneration: 3$4212299729528774793
  phase: Running
$ kubedb get snap -n demo
NAME                                DATABASENAME        STATUS      AGE
mysql-misc-config-20181002-105247   mysql-misc-config   Succeeded   3m
mysql-misc-config-20181002-105349   mysql-misc-config   Succeeded   2m
mysql-misc-config-20181002-105449   mysql-misc-config   Succeeded   1m
mysql-misc-config-20181002-105549   mysql-misc-config   Succeeded   43s
snap-mysql-config                   mysql-misc-config   Succeeded   12m

Cleaning up

To cleanup the Kubernetes resources created by this tutorial, run:

kubectl patch -n demo my/mysql-misc-config -p '{"spec":{"terminationPolicy":"WipeOut"}}' --type="merge"
kubectl delete -n demo my/mysql-misc-config

kubectl patch -n demo drmn/mysql-misc-config -p '{"spec":{"wipeOut":true}}' --type="merge"
kubectl delete -n demo drmn/mysql-misc-config

kubectl delete -n demo configmap my-custom-config
kubectl delete deployment -n demo myadmin
kubectl delete service -n demo myadmin

kubectl delete ns demo

If you would like to uninstall KubeDB operator, please follow the steps here.

Next Steps

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