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Continuous Archiving to Swift

WAL-G is used to continuously archive PostgreSQL WAL files. Please refer to continuous archiving in KubeDB to learn more about it.

Before You Begin

At first, you need to have a Kubernetes cluster, and the kubectl command-line tool must be configured to communicate with your cluster. If you do not already have a cluster, you can create one by using kind.

Now, install KubeDB cli on your workstation and KubeDB operator in your cluster following the steps here.

Note: YAML files used in this tutorial are stored in docs/examples/postgres folder in GitHub repository kubedb/docs.

To keep things isolated, this tutorial uses a separate namespace called demo throughout this tutorial.

$ kubectl create ns demo
namespace/demo created

Create PostgreSQL with Continuous Archiving

For archiving, we need storage Secret, and storage backend information. Below is a Postgres object created with Continuous Archiving support to backup WAL files to Swift Storage.

kind: Postgres
  name: wal-postgres
  namespace: demo
  version: "11.1-v3"
  replicas: 2
    storageClassName: "standard"
    - ReadWriteOnce
        storage: 50Mi
      storageSecretName: swift-secret
        container: kubedb


  • specifies storage information that will be used by WAL-G
    • storage.storageSecretName points to the Secret containing the credentials for cloud storage destination.
    • storage.swift points to Swift storage configuration.
    • storage.swift.container points to the bucket name used to store continuous archiving data.

Archiver Storage Secret

Storage Secret should contain credentials that will be used to access storage destination.

Storage Secret for WAL-G is needed with the full set of v1, v2 or v3 authentication keys from the following list:

Key Description
ST_AUTH For keystone v1 authentication
ST_USER For keystone v1 authentication
ST_KEY For keystone v1 authentication
OS_AUTH_URL For keystone v2 authentication
OS_REGION_NAME For keystone v2 authentication
OS_USERNAME For keystone v2 authentication
OS_PASSWORD For keystone v2 authentication
OS_TENANT_ID For keystone v2 authentication
OS_TENANT_NAME For keystone v2 authentication
OS_AUTH_URL For keystone v3 authentication
OS_REGION_NAME For keystone v3 authentication
OS_USERNAME For keystone v3 authentication
OS_PASSWORD For keystone v3 authentication
OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME For keystone v3 authentication
OS_PROJECT_NAME For keystone v3 authentication
OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME For keystone v3 authentication
OS_STORAGE_URL For authentication based on tokens
OS_AUTH_TOKEN For authentication based on tokens
$ echo -n '<your-auth-url>' > OS_AUTH_URL
$ echo -n '<your-tenant-id>' > OS_TENANT_ID
$ echo -n '<your-tenant-name>' > OS_TENANT_NAME
$ echo -n '<your-username>' > OS_USERNAME
$ echo -n '<your-password>' > OS_PASSWORD
$ echo -n '<your-region>' > OS_REGION_NAME
$ kubectl create secret generic swift-secret \
    --from-file=./OS_AUTH_URL \
    --from-file=./OS_TENANT_ID \
    --from-file=./OS_TENANT_NAME \
    --from-file=./OS_USERNAME \
    --from-file=./OS_PASSWORD \
secret "swift-secret" created
$ kubectl get secret swift-secret -o yaml
apiVersion: v1
  OS_AUTH_URL: PHlvdXItYXV0aC11cmw+
  OS_PASSWORD: PHlvdXItcGFzc3dvcmQ+
  OS_REGION_NAME: PHlvdXItcmVnaW9uPg==
kind: Secret
  creationTimestamp: 2017-07-03T19:17:39Z
  name: swift-secret
  namespace: default
  resourceVersion: "36381"
  selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/default/secrets/swift-secret
  uid: 47b4bcab-6024-11e7-879a-080027726d6b
type: Opaqu

Archiver Storage Backend

To configure Swift backend, following parameters are available:

Parameter Description Required. Name of Storage container Optional. Path prefix into container where snapshot will be stored

Now create this Postgres object with continuous archiving support.

$ kubectl create -f created

When database is ready, WAL-G takes a base backup and uploads it to the cloud storage defined by storage backend.

Archived data is stored in a folder called {container}/{prefix}/kubedb/{namespace}/{postgres-name}/archive/.

You can see continuous archiving data stored in swift container.


From the above image, you can see that the archived data is stored in a folder kubedb/kubedb/demo/wal-postgres/archive.

Termination Policy

If termination policy of this wal-postgres is set to WipeOut or, If Spec.WipeOut of dormant database is set to true, then the data in cloud backend will be deleted.

The data will be intact in other scenarios.

Cleaning up

To cleanup the Kubernetes resources created by this tutorial, run:

kubectl patch -n demo pg/wal-postgres -p '{"spec":{"terminationPolicy":"WipeOut"}}' --type="merge"
kubectl delete -n demo pg/wal-postgres

kubectl delete -n demo secret/swift-secret
kubectl delete ns demo

Next Steps