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What is PostgresVersion

PostgresVersion is a Kubernetes Custom Resource Definitions (CRD). It provides a declarative configuration to specify the docker images to be used for PostgreSQL database deployed with KubeDB in a Kubernetes native way.

When you install KubeDB, a PostgresVersion custom resource will be created automatically for every supported PostgreSQL versions. You have to specify the name of PostgresVersion crd in spec.version field of Postgres crd. Then, KubeDB will use the docker images specified in the PostgresVersion crd to create your expected database.

Using a separate crd for specifying respective docker images, and pod security policy names allow us to modify the images, and policies independent of KubeDB operator. This will also allow the users to use a custom image for the database. For more details about how to use custom image with Postgres in KubeDB, please visit here.

PostgresVersion Specification

As with all other Kubernetes objects, a PostgresVersion needs apiVersion, kind, and metadata fields. It also needs a .spec section.

kind: PostgresVersion
  name: "10.2-v5"
    app: kubedb
  version: "10.2"
  deprecated: false
    image: "kubedb/postgres:10.2-v6"
    image: "kubedb/postgres_exporter:v0.4.7"
    image: "kubedb/postgres-tools:10.2-v3"
    databasePolicyName: "postgres-db"
    snapshotterPolicyName: "postgres-snapshot" is a required field that specifies the name of the PostgresVersion crd. You have to specify this name in spec.version field of Postgres crd.

We follow this convention for naming PostgresVersion crd:

  • Name format: {Original PostgreSQL image version}-{modification tag}

We modify original PostgreSQL docker image to support additional features like WAL archiving, clustering etc. and re-tag the image with v1, v2 etc. modification tag. An image with higher modification tag will have more features than the images with lower modification tag. Hence, it is recommended to use PostgresVersion crd with highest modification tag to take advantage of the latest features.


spec.version is a required field that specifies the original version of PostgreSQL database that has been used to build the docker image specified in spec.db.image field.


spec.deprecated is an optional field that specifies whether the docker images specified here is supported by the current KubeDB operator. For example, we have modified kubedb/postgres:10.2 docker image to support custom configuration and re-tagged as kubedb/postgres:10.2-v2. Now, KubeDB 0.9.0-rc.0 supports providing custom configuration which required kubedb/postgres:10.2-v2 docker image. So, we have marked kubedb/postgres:10.2 as deprecated in KubeDB 0.9.0-rc.0.

The default value of this field is false. If spec.deprecated is set true, KubeDB operator will not create the database and other respective resources for this version.


spec.db.image is a required field that specifies the docker image which will be used to create Statefulset by KubeDB operator to create expected PostgreSQL database.


spec.exporter.image is a required field that specifies the image which will be used to export Prometheus metrics. is a required field that specifies the image which will be used to take backup and initialize database from snapshot.


spec.podSecurityPolicies.databasePolicyName is a required field that specifies the name of the pod security policy required to get the database server pod(s) running.


spec.podSecurityPolicies.snapshotterPolicyName is a required field that specifies the name of the pod security policy required to get the snapshotter pod(s) running. To use user-defined policies, names of the policies have to be set in spec.podSecurityPolicies and in the list of allowed policy names in KubeDB operator like below:

helm upgrade kubedb-operator appscode/kubedb --namespace kube-system \
  --set additionalPodSecurityPolicies[0]=custom-db-policy \
  --set additionalPodSecurityPolicies[1]=custom-snapshotter-policy

Next Steps

  • Learn about Postgres crd here.
  • Deploy your first PostgreSQL database with KubeDB by following the guide here.