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Using private Docker registry

KubeDB operator supports using private Docker registry. This tutorial will show you how to run KubeDB managed Elasticsearch database using private Docker images.

Before You Begin

At first, you need to have a Kubernetes cluster, and the kubectl command-line tool must be configured to communicate with your cluster. If you do not already have a cluster, you can create one by using kind.

To keep things isolated, this tutorial uses a separate namespace called demo throughout this tutorial.

$ kubectl create ns demo
namespace/demo created

$ kubectl get ns demo
demo    Active  5s

Note: YAML files used in this tutorial are stored in docs/examples/elasticsearch folder in GitHub repository kubedb/docs.

Prepare Private Docker Registry

You will also need a docker private registry or private repository. In this tutorial we will use private repository of docker hub.

You have to push the required images from KubeDB’s Docker hub account into your private registry.

For Elasticsearch, push the following images to your private registry.

$ export DOCKER_REGISTRY=<your-registry>

$ docker pull kubedb/operator:v2022.03.28 ; docker tag kubedb/operator:v2022.03.28 $DOCKER_REGISTRY/operator:v2022.03.28 ; docker push $DOCKER_REGISTRY/operator:v2022.03.28
$ docker pull kubedb/elasticsearch:7.3.2 ; docker tag kubedb/elasticsearch:7.3.2 $DOCKER_REGISTRY/elasticsearch:7.3.2 ; docker push $DOCKER_REGISTRY/elasticsearch:7.3.2
$ docker pull kubedb/elasticsearch-tools:7.3.2 ; docker tag kubedb/elasticsearch-tools:7.3.2 $DOCKER_REGISTRY/elasticsearch-tools:7.3.2 ; docker push $DOCKER_REGISTRY/elasticsearch-tools:7.3.2
$ docker pull kubedb/elasticsearch_exporter:1.0.2 ; docker tag kubedb/elasticsearch_exporter:1.0.2 $DOCKER_REGISTRY/elasticsearch_exporter:1.0.2 ; docker push $DOCKER_REGISTRY/elasticsearch_exporter:1.0.2
$ docker pull kubedb/yq:2.4.0 ; docker tag kubedb/yq:2.4.0 $DOCKER_REGISTRY/yq:2.4.0 ; docker push $DOCKER_REGISTRY/yq:2.4.0

Create ImagePullSecret

ImagePullSecrets is a type of a Kubernetes Secret whose sole purpose is to pull private images from a Docker registry. It allows you to specify the url of the docker registry, credentials for logging in and the image name of your private docker image.

Run the following command, substituting the appropriate uppercase values to create an image pull secret for your private Docker registry:

$ kubectl create secret docker-registry myregistrykey \
  --docker-server=DOCKER_REGISTRY_SERVER \
  --docker-username=DOCKER_USER \
  --docker-email=DOCKER_EMAIL \
secret "myregistrykey" created.

If you wish to follow other ways to pull private images see official docs of kubernetes.

Note; If you are using kubectl 1.9.0, update to 1.9.1 or later to avoid this issue.

Create ElasticsearchVersion CRD

KubeDB uses images specified in ElasticsearchVersion crd for database, backup and exporting prometheus metrics. You have to create an ElasticsearchVersion crd specifying images from your private registry. Then, you have to point this ElasticsearchVersion crd in spec.version field of Elasticsearch object. For more details about ElasticsearchVersion crd, please visit here.

Here, is an example of ElasticsearchVersion crd. Replace <YOUR_PRIVATE_REGISTRY> with your private registry.

kind: ElasticsearchVersion
  name: searchguard-7.9.3
  authPlugin: SearchGuard
    image: PRIVATE_REGISTRY/elasticsearch:7.9.3-searchguard
  distribution: SearchGuard
    image: PRIVATE_REGISTRY/elasticsearch_exporter:1.1.0
    image: PRIVATE_REGISTRY/toybox:0.8.4
    yqImage: PRIVATE_REGISTRY/elasticsearch-init:7.9.3-searchguard
    databasePolicyName: elasticsearch-db
        name: elasticsearch-backup-7.3.2
        - name: args
          value: --match=^(?![.])(?!searchguard).+
        name: elasticsearch-restore-7.3.2
  version: 7.9.3

Now, create the ElasticsearchVersion crd,

$ kubectl apply -f pvt-elasticsearchversion.yaml created

Install KubeDB operator

When installing KubeDB operator, set the flags --docker-registry and --image-pull-secret to appropriate value. Follow the guide for customizing installer to see how to pass those flags from here.

Deploy Elasticsearch database from Private Registry

While deploying Elasticsearch from private repository, you have to add myregistrykey secret in Elasticsearch spec.podTemplate.spec.imagePullSecrets.

Below is the YAML for Elasticsearch crd that will be created in this tutorial.

kind: Elasticsearch
  name: pvt-reg-elasticsearch
  namespace: demo
  version: "searchguard-7.9.3"
    storageClassName: "standard"
    - ReadWriteOnce
        storage: 1Gi
      - name: myregistrykey

Now run the command to deploy this Elasticsearch object:

$ kubectl create -f created

To check if the images pulled successfully from the repository, see if the Elasticsearch is in running state:

$ kubectl get es -n demo pvt-reg-elasticsearch -o wide
NAME                    VERSION     STATUS       AGE
pvt-reg-elasticsearch   pvt-7.3.2   Running      33m


You can specify imagePullSecret for Snapshot objects in spec.podTemplate.spec.imagePullSecrets field of Snapshot object. If you are using scheduled backup, you can also provide imagePullSecret in backupSchedule.podTemplate.spec.imagePullSecrets field of Elasticsearch crd. KubeDB also reuses imagePullSecret for Snapshot object from spec.podTemplate.spec.imagePullSecrets field of Elasticsearch crd.

Cleaning up

To cleanup the Kubernetes resources created by this tutorial, run:

kubectl patch -n demo es/pvt-reg-elasticsearch -p '{"spec":{"terminationPolicy":"WipeOut"}}' --type="merge"
kubectl delete -n demo es/pvt-reg-elasticsearch

kubectl delete ns demo

Next Steps